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July 19, 2023

Three Best Trading Indicators and How to Use Them?

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As a share market expert, I understand the importance of using technical indicators to analyze stock price movements and make informed trading decisions. Technical indicators are mathematical calculations applied to stock price and volume data to identify potential trends, reversals, and entry or exit points. In this article, I will discuss three popular trading indicators and explain how to use them effectively.

Trading Indicators

Moving Average (MA)

Moving Average (MA) is a widely used indicator that helps traders identify the overall trend of a stock. It calculates the average price over a specific period and smoothens out short-term price fluctuations. There are different types of moving averages, such as Simple Moving Average (SMA) and Exponential Moving Average (EMA). Here’s how to use MA effectively:

Step 1: Determine the Timeframe: Choose a timeframe that aligns with your trading strategy. Common choices include 50-day, 100-day, and 200-day moving averages.

Step 2: Plot the Moving Average: Plot the selected moving average on the stock’s price chart. The moving average line will represent the average price over the specified period.

Step 3: Identify Trend Reversals: When the stock price crosses above the moving average, it suggests a potential uptrend. Conversely, when the price crosses below the moving average, it indicates a potential downtrend. Use these crossovers as signals for trend reversals or potential entry/exit points.

Step 4: Confirm with Other Indicators: It is always recommended to use moving averages in conjunction with other indicators or chart patterns for confirmation. This helps to minimize false signals and increase the accuracy of your trading decisions.

Also Read: Futures And Options Trading: What is the Difference?

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a momentum oscillator that measures the speed and change of price movements. It oscillates between 0 and 100, indicating overbought and oversold conditions. RSI can be used to identify potential reversals and generate buy or sell signals. Here’s how to use RSI effectively:

Step 1: Determine Overbought and Oversold Levels: Standard RSI settings use 70 as the overbought level and 30 as the oversold level. These levels can be adjusted based on the specific characteristics of the stock or market being analyzed.

Step 2: Plot the RSI: Plot the RSI line on the chart below the price chart. As the RSI line moves above 70, it suggests overbought conditions, indicating a potential reversal or a downward correction. Conversely, when the RSI line drops below 30, it suggests oversold conditions, indicating a potential reversal or an upward correction.

Step 3: Look for Divergences: Divergences occur when the direction of the RSI line differs from the direction of the stock price. A bullish divergence occurs when the stock price makes a lower low, but the RSI makes a higher low. This suggests a potential bullish reversal. Bearish divergence occurs when the stock price makes a higher high, but the RSI makes a lower high. This suggests a potential bearish reversal.

Step 4: Confirm with Price Action: Always confirm RSI signals with other technical indicators or chart patterns. Look for additional signs of trend reversal or continuation before making trading decisions based solely on RSI signals.

Bollinger Bands

Bollinger Bands are volatility-based indicators that consist of a middle band (usually a 20-day moving average) and two outer bands that are standard deviations away from the middle band. Bollinger Bands help identify overbought and oversold conditions, as well as potential price breakouts. Here’s how to use Bollinger Bands effectively:

Step 1: Plot the Bollinger Bands: Plot the Bollinger Bands on the price chart. The upper band represents two standard deviations above the middle band, while the lower band represents two standard deviations below the middle band.

Step 2: Identify Volatility Squeeze: When the distance between the bands narrows, it indicates lower volatility or a “squeeze.” This suggests that a significant price move may be imminent.

Step 3: Identify Breakouts: When the stock price breaks above the upper band, it suggests a potential bullish breakout. Conversely, when the price breaks below the lower band, it suggests a potential bearish breakout. These breakouts can be used as signals for potential entry or exit points.

Step 4: Use in Conjunction with Other Indicators: Bollinger Bands work best when combined with other indicators or chart patterns. Look for confirmation from other technical tools before making trading decisions solely based on Bollinger Band signals.



Technical indicators play a crucial role in analyzing stock price movements and making informed trading decisions. Moving Average (MA), Relative Strength Index (RSI), and Bollinger Bands are three popular indicators that provide valuable insights into trends, momentum, and potential breakouts. By understanding how to use these indicators effectively and combining them with other tools, traders can enhance their analysis and increase the probability of successful trades.


 About the author

I’m Bhuvan, a financial expert and experienced stock market investor. I am passionate about helping individuals navigate the complexities of the financial world. If you’re interested in learning more or seeking personalized advice, feel free to connect with me at If you found this article helpful, consider supporting me by commenting or reviewing this site and start investing through our link of Zerodha. Happy investing!

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