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July 18, 2023

Equity or Derivative Market – Which is Better?

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The stock market offers various avenues for investment, including the equity market and derivative market. For a stock market beginner, it’s crucial to understand the differences between these markets and choose the right starting point. In this article, we will explore the equity market and derivative market, discuss the advantages of each, and provide tips to help beginners make informed decisions.

Equity Market

Understanding the Equity Market

The equity market, also known as the stock market or share market, is where investors buy and sell shares of publicly traded companies. When you purchase shares of a company, you become a partial owner and have the potential to benefit from the company’s growth and profitability. The equity market offers various investment options, such as stocks, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and mutual funds.

Understanding the Derivative Market

The derivative market is a financial market where investors trade contracts derived from underlying assets. These contracts, known as derivatives, derive their value from assets like stocks, bonds, commodities, or currencies. Common types of derivatives include options and futures contracts. Derivatives enable investors to speculate on price movements, hedge against risks, and gain exposure to assets without directly owning them.

Also Read: Option Buying Or Selling: Which One Is Better?

Choosing Between the Equity Market and Derivative Market

 Advantages of Starting with the Equity Market

Simplicity: The equity market is relatively straightforward, making it more accessible for beginners. Buying and holding shares of companies is a common long-term investment strategy.

Ownership and Dividends: Investing in equities allows you to become a shareholder, providing ownership rights and the potential to receive dividends.

Fundamental Analysis: With equities, you can analyze company fundamentals, such as financial statements and industry trends, to make informed investment decisions.

Advantages of Starting with the Derivative Market

Leverage and Flexibility: Derivatives provide the opportunity to trade larger positions with a smaller amount of capital. They offer leverage, allowing you to potentially magnify profits.

Risk Management: Derivatives allow for risk management strategies like hedging, which can help protect your portfolio against adverse market movements.

Market Speculation: Derivatives enable investors to profit from both upward and downward price movements, providing opportunities in bullish and bearish market conditions.

Ultimately, the choice between the equity market and the derivative market depends on your risk tolerance, investment goals, and level of understanding.

Tips for Stock Market Beginners

Educate Yourself

Before entering the stock market, it’s essential to educate yourself about various investment instruments, market dynamics, and risk management strategies. Take advantage of online resources, books, courses, and reputable financial websites to enhance your knowledge.

Set Financial Goals

Determine your financial goals, whether they are long-term wealth creation, retirement planning, or short-term gains. Setting clear goals will help you make appropriate investment decisions aligned with your objectives.

Build a Diversified Portfolio

Diversification is crucial in reducing investment risk. Spread your investments across different sectors, asset classes, and geographical regions. This helps mitigate the impact of volatility in specific stocks or markets.

Practice Risk Management

Implement risk management techniques, such as setting stop-loss orders and allocating a portion of your portfolio to low-risk investments. It’s important to understand and manage the risks associated with investing in the stock market.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

 1.1 Is it necessary to have prior knowledge before entering the stock market?

While prior knowledge is not mandatory, having a basic understanding of financial markets and investment principles is beneficial. Educate yourself, seek guidance from experts, and start with small investments as you gain experience.

1.2 Are derivatives riskier than equities?

Derivatives can be riskier than equities due to their leveraged nature and complex structures. However, with proper understanding, risk management, and disciplined trading strategies, investors can mitigate the risks associated with derivatives.

1.3 Can I invest in both equity and derivative markets simultaneously?

Yes, it is possible to invest in both equity and derivative markets simultaneously. However, it’s important to assess your risk tolerance, allocate your capital wisely, and have a solid understanding of both markets before engaging in simultaneous investments.


For stock market beginners, choosing between the equity market and derivative market depends on their risk appetite, investment goals, and understanding of these markets. The equity market offers simplicity, ownership benefits, and fundamental analysis opportunities, while the derivative market provides leverage, risk management tools, and market speculation avenues. By educating themselves, setting financial goals, diversifying their portfolios, and practicing risk management, beginners can navigate the stock market more effectively.

Remember, whether you choose the equity market or derivative market, patience, continuous learning, and disciplined investment strategies are key to long-term success.

About the Author

Hi, I’m Bhuvan, a financial expert and experienced stock market investor. I am passionate about helping individuals navigate the complexities of the financial world. If you’re interested in learning more or seeking personalized advice, feel free to connect with me at If you found this article helpful, consider supporting me by commenting or reviewing this site and start investing through our link of Zerodha. Happy investing!

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